TIDES - Cebrowski
TIDES (Transformative Innovation for Development and Emergency Support)
The Cebrowski Institute leads the TIDES projects at NPS in collaboration with TIDES and Dr. Linton Wells II at George Mason University. TIDES is established for the purpose of providing open-source knowledge in order to encourage community and individual resilience to natural and man-made disasters, and promote human security; which is freedom from want, and freedom from fear. By providing a reach-back of knowledge, it integrates multidisciplinary approaches to achieve unity of action in an environment where there is no unity of control.
How does it work? Projects identified as natural or man-made disasters, or human security, needs to be supported through high-level support and coordination so that links are established between both national, public-private, and international knowledge and best practices. Our coordination team builds up knowledge sharing and collaboration activities.
Cebrowski Institute for Innovation has served as a hub for NPS research interest in humanitarian assistance and disaster response (HADR) since the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Information Science faculty who were in Thailand testing a wireless satellite communications system during the earthquake responded to the need for mobile communications in the initial stages of relief operations. This serendipitous effort propelled a research area of importance to the Navy and the DoD, both of which sponsored more than $2 million in NPS research projects across several years.
In 2005, following hurricane Katrina, and in 2010, following Haiti’s earthquake, the US Navy formally requested NPS assistance to set up mobile satellite communications hot spots for relief workers. NPS faculty and students supported these efforts, as well as exercises involving Military Sealift Command ships USNS Mercy and USNS Comfort. For several years HADR was listed as a fifth mission area of the Navy, acknowledging the important role it played in soft power projection.
The term Hastily Formed Networks (HFN) was coined by Cebrowski Institute Director, Peter Denning. His 2006 article in the computer science journal “Communications of the ACM” defines HFN as the ability to form multi-organizational networks rapidly, and describes how they are crucial to humanitarian aid, disaster relief, and large urgent projects.
NPS interdisciplinary research in HFN-related areas of sustainable energy, information communications technology, and logistics overlap with TIDES areas of focus.
Making the Connections from Response to Recovery Through Research. In FY17, the Navy's node for the TIDES Community of Practice (COP) moved to Naval Postgraduate School's Cebrowski Institute for Innovation from its founding location at NDU.
How TIDES Promotes Community Resilience
A global knowledge sharing network of people who share experience and intelligence . Participants come from universities, U.S. military and the Red Cross, totaling as many as 5,000. They come together to add their experience, feedback and evaluate for the purpose of sharing, and being better prepared for the next event.
In order to resolve, rehabilitate, and rebuild for long term sustainability, it requires the stakeholders, including the government, local communities, and the department of defense, and as well as the private and non-profit organizations to come together. Through networking, we equip those who are instrumental in responding to the highest level of needs.
What has TIDES done? The case study list provides an comprehensive archive of research that shows how TIDES creates partnerships and builds trusted relationships.
- Building Partnership Capacity Through Collaborating Approaches - Dr. Linton Wells II discusses increasing the ability of U.S. and coalition forces to execute a variety of missions more effectively in constrained resource environments.
- A Whole Community Approach to Emergency Management - FEMA discusses a Whole Community approach to emergency management.
- 6 Ways People Die - Infographic - Adapted from Vinay Gupta's Hexayurt Project
- Executive Summary of the Unified Action Hardbook Series - J7/J9 share a guide to strengthened civil-military cooperation in the combatant command's area of responsibility.
- Village Infrastructure Kit-Alpha - The USSTRATCOM Global Innovation and Strategy Center discuss logistics, supply chain, and developing strategies for implementation of VIKA while considering the existing economical and political conditions that will influence success for a village infrastructure Kit-Alpha.
- An Introduction for System Developers to Volunteer Roles in Crisis Response and Recovery - Rogstadius, et al. provides an overview of the roles of volunteers and trained professionals in response to humanitarian crises.
For buildings and infrastructure that faces disaster risks, establishing resilience enables ability to maintain vital functions during crises, which leads to a quicker recovery, and ultimately, a quicker return to a normal lift
- Preventive Care
- Restorative Care
People die from lack of shelter, heating or cooling, from hunger and thirst, illness and injury. Addressing the needs for shelter, supply chain, public safety, security and public health can improve this.
The goal is to promote integrated solutions across ten different infrastructures. These solutions need to be sustainable in their worlds.
Adapted from Vinay Gupta's Hexayurt Project, see "6 Ways People Die" Infographic
Power: Renewable power will enable people. It supports light, security, heating, cooling, and is a intrigal part of development and reconstruction.
Shelter: A basic human need. Some resources are Architecture for Humanity, Shelter Centre, and The Sphere Project
Water: Better processes for pasteurized water. Clean water is essential to human survival.
Integrated Cooking: Combining of different methods, such as solar ovens, or high-efficiency stoves, can reduce fuel, be instrumental in sterilizing water, and reduce health risks associated with open fire cooking.
Heating & Cooling: Needed in responce to harsh wather conditions. Finding safe solutions to stay warm, dry, or even cool is a major concern.
Sanitation: Reduce water use and avoid contamination, and avoid the spreading of disease.
Lighting: High Efficiency lighting is needed for both safety and security.
Information & Communications Technology (ICT): Necessary for Situational Awareness
TIDES is a knowledge-sharing DoD research project that:
Promotes individual and community resilience, and
Supports four DoD mission areas:
Building Partner Capacity
Defense Support of Civil Authorities
Humanitarian Assistance/Foreign Disaster Response
Stability and Peacekeeping Operations
Our focus is on theater engagement, Phase 0 shaping, improving effectiveness in Phases 4-5, and messaging
TIDES NPS POC:
Faculty Associate for Research, Information Science
Deputy Director of the Cebrowski Institute