THE CULTURE AND CONFLICT REVIEW
The Culture & Conflict Review is an online peer-review journal produced by the Program for Culture & Conflict Studies, bringing you analysis of current events, policy, operations, and human terrain in South and Central Asia as well as other regions of the world. Premised on the belief that the United States must understand the culture and human terrain of other nations and peoples, we offer
commentary and analysis on issues of current interest to policy makers, military commanders, academics, and the
general public. We are particularly interested in issues addressing culture, anthropology, regional and identity politics, and the
contemporary role of U.S. forces in areas of conflict. New issues of The Culture & Conflict Review are published on a quarterly
Welcome to The Culture & Conflict Review
Welcome to the Summer 2009 edition of The Culture and Conflict Review. In this edition, we are pleased to present the latest articles from our analysts at the Program for Culture and Conflict Studies (CCS), as well as two new student theses on issues we believe our readers will find of interest.
We also share with you some recent news coverage of CCS as interest in the nexus of culture and conflict grows, and the search by the United States and its allies for an effective strategy in Afghanistan intensifies.
This edition's new articles include:
And our new student theses include:
The Durand Line (Pak-Afghan border) gained international attention during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The government of Afghanistan’s refusal to acknowledge the Durand Line as the official border with Pakistan has serious implications in relation to Global War on Terror (GWOT), especially in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). The atmosphere of misunderstanding and mistrust in relation to the border between the two neighbors for the last six decades casts a shadow over any effort to achieve security and stability in the region. Pakistan’s weak hold over FATA and Baluchistan has provided space in which extremist groups, such as Al-Qaeda and the Taliban, have been able to establish bases, training camps, seek refuge and currently conduct cross-border attacks into Afghanistan. This thesis looks at the history and contemporary significance of the Durand Line and argues that a key imperative of future operations in region is the need for the governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan to come to an agreement that delineates the official border (currently the Durand Line) between the two nation-states.
This thesis examines the role of airpower in Counterinsurgency (COIN) in Afghanistan and Pakistan and focuses on how the direct application of airpower affects COIN in Afghanistan and Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Excessive use of sophisticated U.S. airpower and predator strikes has produced undesirable collateral damage, forcing exodus into FATA and complicating the regional situation. The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) operates under operational, technological and cultural constraints; the use of drones in FATA by the U.S., conducted without adequate coordination, planning and political sensitivity, has added to the trust deficit between crucial allies, making the use of airpower controversial and counterproductive. This thesis concludes that air power produced tactical gains but was strategically costly, destroying enemies while also losing friends in the process.
Our next edition will be published in November 2009. Until then, we'll see you next time!
The Culture & Conflict Review is produced by:
- CCS Founder & Executive Director
Select from any of the available past issues to view:
We accept submissions of analysis articles, opinion pieces, or book reviews. We are actively seeking those interested in publishing
in our journal. Please view our Author's Guide for more
information on submissions or contact us at email@example.com.
We welcome comments regarding individual articles or the journal / website on a whole. You may contact us via email at
firstname.lastname@example.org or submit a comment or question on our Contact
To have new issues of Culture & Conflict Review delivered to your inbox,
email email@example.com with "Subscribe" in the subject line or send us your address
through our Comments page. When we publish a new issue, we will email
you an e-newsletter with links to each article. There is no charge, and your address will be kept confidential, and used for no other
An RSS feed is also available, which features the latest articles from the CCS faculty, researchers, and staff.
The web address for the feed is: http://www.nps.edu/Programs/CCS/WebJournal/RSS.aspx
Material contained herein is made available for the purpose of peer review and discussion and does not necessarily
reflect the views of the Department of the Navy or the Department of Defense.
The appearance of external hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the United States Department of Defense, the United States
Department of the Navy and the Naval Postgraduate School of the linked web sites, or the information, products or services contained
Privacy Act Statement – If you provide your email address, it will only be used to respond to your request for further information
from our Program. We never create individual profiles or give your information to any private organizations. Your personal information
will not be shared with any other government organization except as required by law. The Program for Culture and Conflict Studies
never collects information for commercial marketing.
To contact us about our program: firstname.lastname@example.org