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Afghanistan Presidential Candidates 2009







Hamid Karzai: Current President of Afghanistan. The 50-year old embattled president of Afghanistan has agreed to support the decision to delay the national elections until August 20. Karzai is the first elected President after winning a five-year term in 2004. The rising tide of violence, a soaring drug economy and rampant corruption has prompted many Afghans to speak out against the Karzai and his administration. In late April, a lead opposition member Mohammad Qasim Fahim, a Tajik and former member of the Northern Alliance, left the United Front to support Karzai. Fahim served as Karzai’s Defense Minister until he was removed in 2004. Fahim’s support for Karzai could bring a significant number of Tajik votes in northern areas where Fahim still maintains great influence.
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Mohammad Qasim Fahim and Mohammad Karim Khalili.



Dr. Abdullah Abdullah: MP, former Foreign Minister (2002-2006). Abdullah has been called one of the most serious presidential contenders running against President Hamid Karzai. Abdullah’s father is a Pashtun and his mother a Tajik, giving him wider appeal among the diverse northern communities. Abdullah was a close confidant of Ahmad Shah Massoud, the famous Tajik guerrilla commander killed by al Qaeda suicide bombers on September 9, 2001. Abdullah serves as the director for the Massoud Foundation.
Political Party: United National Front
Announced: April 3,
Nominated by United National Front,  April 15
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Homayoun Asefi and Cheragh Ali Cheragh.
News: http://www.e-ariana.com/ariana/eariana.nsf/allDocs/A191602FE5871DD48725758D00596F8E?OpenDocument
Profile: http://www.afghan-web.com/bios/today/aabdullah.html



Dr. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai: Former Finance Minister (2002-2004), a senior fellow in foreign policy at the Brookings Institute. Ghani is 60 years old and is originally from Logar Province. He earned his Master's and PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University and went on to work for the World Bank. He returned to Afghanistan in 2001 and served as Karzai’s chief advisor before becoming the Chancellor for Kabul University and later the Finance Minister. He is a favorite candidate among certain Western political circles, but Ghani faces a legal hurdle as he holds dual citizenship, a current disqualifier for presidential candidates according the Afghan Constitution (Chapter 3, Article 62). The Independent Election Committee, in charge of the August 20 elections, has warned candidates that foreign citizenship will have to be relinquished to become eligible to run in the elections.
Announced: April 01, 2009
Status: Officially on ballot.



Sayed Jalal Karim: Sayed Jalal was born in 1969 in Kabul and is popularly known as “the genius”. A child prodigy, he graduated from Esteqlal Highschool when he was eight years old. At the age of nine he enrolled in the Kabul University’s School of Engineering. Jalal visited the United State in 1978 and gained early acceptance entrance to the prestigious Columbia University. The newly imposed Soviet-government forced Jalal to return to Kabul and subsequently sent him to Moscow University where he studied mathematics and physics in a special program. After two years, Jalal was able to return to Afghanistan briefly before fleeing to Pakistan and eventually settling in Saudi Arabia. He attended the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals where he studied engineering, physics and Arabic. He went on to become a successful businessman in Saudi Arabia and established, developed and sold more than a dozen companies.

 In the early 1990s, Jalal made significant efforts to negotiate a political solution to the civil war by mediating between Pakistan and Afghanistan. In 1997, he negotiated the successful release of 10 Iranian hostages from the Taliban. The following year, he successfully negotiated a one-month ceasefire and the exchange of over 1,200 prisoners between the Northern Alliance and the Taliban. He later went on to establish Voice of Afghanistan, one of the most respected radio stations in the country. He is married and has three daughters and one son .
Announced: Feb 28, 2009
Status: Officially on ballot.
Webpage: http://www.sayedjalal.com/media.html



Abdul Jabar Sabit: former Attorney General (2006-08). Sabit, 62 years-old,  allegedly supported the Hezb-i-Islami faction led by fugitive warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and was arrested by the Northern Alliance in 2001 for his dealings with the Taliban. After spending nearly four years in detention at Guantanamo Bay, Sabit was released and returned to Afghanistan. He worked for a human rights organization before Karzai tapped him as a special adviser at the Interior Ministry, where he headed an offensive against alcohol sales and prostitution at foreign-owned bars. He became the Attorney General in September 2006.  Sabit was fired from his post in 2007 shortly after announcing his intentions to run in the 2009 Presidential Elections. As AG, Sabit led an aggressive campaign against corruption and drug trafficking. He has been accused by other cabinet members of corruption and racism against non-Pashtun Afghans.
Political Party: Independent.
Announced: July 15, 2008.
Status: Officially on ballot.
Interview 2008: http://www.studlife.com/news/questions-for-afghan-presidential-candidate-abdul-jabbar-sabit-1.948341
Profile 2006: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/22/AR2006112201889.html


Mirwais Yasin.jpg

Hajji Mirwais Yasin: First deputy speaker of the Lower House. Mirwais was born in Nangarhar in 1962 and later fought against the Soviet occupation between 1978-79. He allegedly went on to fight in the Tora Bora region, Khost and Paktia until the late 1980’s. He received an LL.B degree in Sharia from the International University, Islamabad in 1991 and earned his Masters of Law from the International Islamic University in 1993. Yasin opposed the Taliban regime and after the 2002 became the first Director for the Red Crescent in Nangarhar. In 2003, Yasin became the Director General of the Counter Narcotics Department, the first counter-drug unti established after the fall of the Taliban. In 2005, he became the Deputy Minister for the Ministry of Counter Narcotics. Afterwards, he was elected to the Wolesi Jirga (Lower House) representing Nangarhar province.
Political Party: Afghanistan's Parliamentary Party.
Announced: April 6, 2009.
Status: Officially on ballot.
News: http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=72380


Alhaj Rahim Sherzad
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Muhammad Assar and Malek Shokrollah.


Nasrullah Arslayee crop.jpg

Nasrullah Arslayee: Nasrullah is the younger brother of Haji Din Mohammad, Abdul Haq and Haji Abdul Qadir, all famous mujahedeen-era commanders. Their family has enjoyed a lasting relationship with the former monarchy (Zahir Shah). Nasrullah’s family controlled most of the trade industry in eastern Nangarhar province and his older brother, Haji Qadir, became the governor of Nangarhar following the collapse of the communist government and again after the fall of the Taliban. Qadir was killed by unknown assassins in July 2002. Nasrullah enjoys tribal support throughout areas of Nangarhar and has proposed to engage in further talks with Taliban members to help quell the current level of violence.
Announced: April 19, 2009
Status: Officially on ballot. [Update] Arslayee dropped out on July 23 and joined Dr. Abdullah Abdullah’s camp.


Ramazan Bashardost.jpg

Dr. Ramazan Bashardost: member of parliament and planning minister, 2004 to 2005. Ramazan Bashardost, a Hazara, was born in Ghazni. He left Afghanistan in 1983 for Pakistan and eventually settled in France where he earned a Masters in Law and a Masters in Diplomacy. He earned his PhD in Law from Tolos University in 1995. He returned to Afghanistan in 2002 and worked in the Foreign Affairs Ministry and eventually became the acting Minister of Planning in 2004. He was elected as Kabul’s representative in Parliamentary Elections in 2006. Dr. Bashardost claims no affiliations with any tribal, military or political party.
Political Party: Independent
Announced: April 5, 2005
Status: Officially on ballot.
Website: http://www.ramazanbashardost.com/spip.php?article120


شهنواز تنی

Shahnawaz Tanai: former Afghan defense minister during the pro communist regime led by Dr.Najibullah. Shanawaz Tain was born in Khost in 1948 and later graduated from Kabul Military University and studied at military schools in Russia.  Tanai began his military career as a defense official in Heart, Mazar-i-Sharif and eventually became commander of a Garrison in Kabul.  He fought against the mujahedeen in the Soviet-Afghan war and was eventually made defense minister by communist president Dr. Najibullah. He led a failed coup against Najibullah in 1990 and fled to Pakistan where he sought support from the Pakistan Intelligence Service, the ISI. He also had reputedly aligned himself with radical warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.

Tanai returned to Afghanistan in 2005 and remains highly critical of both the United States and the former Northern Alliance commanders in the Afghan government. He is currently a Wolesi Jirga (Lower House) member representing Khost province.
Political Party: Afghanistan Peace Movement  (Da Sol-e Melli Gorzan)
Announced: February 26, 2009
Status: Officially on ballot.



Mohammad Akbar Bai: Head of the Afghan Turkomen Council, former campaign manager for General Abdulrashid Dostum. Bai is an ethnic Turkomen who supported Dostum until 2007 when he broke from Dostum’s Junbish-i-Milli faction and accused Dostum of killing other Turkomen and other crimes. Dostum kidnapped Bai, his son, and their bodyguard and beat them in February 2008. After a tense military and police standoff, Dostum released the three men and later faced criminal charges. Dostum left Afghanistan for Turkey before legal proceedings began.
Political Party: Turk Tabari Islamic Shura
Status: Officially on ballot.


Bashir Ahmad Bejzan
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Abdul-Ghafar Orfani and Fatema Naeimi.


Mullah Abdul Salam ‘Rocketi:” Mullah Abdul Salam earned the moniker ‘rocketi’ after proving his skill with the RPG-7 anti-tank weapon system against Soviet armored vehicles during the 1980’s. Salam hails from southern Zabul Province and joined the Taliban movement in 1995, eventually becoming a Taliban Corps commander in Jalalabad. He served under the late Mullah Mohammad Rabbani and defected from the Taliban in late 2001. He was arrested by the US Coalition and later released under an amnesty program supported by local Kandahari power-brokers. He now serves on the Wolesi Jirga (Lower House) where he represents Zabul Province.
Status: Officially on ballot.
News: On July 22nd, Salam survived a Taliban ambush as he and his party attended a campaign rally in Baghlan Province. One person was killed and another wounded in the attack.
Running Mates: Mohammad Ajmal Habib Safi and Mohammad Sadeq.


Mo’tasem Bellah Mazhabi
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Mohammad Nasim Roza Baghi and  Eftekhar Ahmad Yusofi.


Abdul-Latif Pedram
Political Party:The National Congress Party of Afghanistan.
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Nor Ahmad Barzin Khtibi and Mohammad Ayub Qasemi.


Besmellah Sher
Status: Officially on ballot.


Muhammad Yasin Safi
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Muhammad Esraeil and Muhammad Azim Taheri.


Muhammad Sarwar Ahmadzai
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Muhammad Karim Jalili and Said Rasul.


Engineer Mueinuddin Olfati
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Khan Muhammad and Nadia.


Dr. Habib Mangal
Party: The inclusive Democratic and Progressive Movement
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Pohanwal, Dr. M. Daoud Rawesh, and Nafis Jahid.


Zabihullah Ghazi Noorestani
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Alhaj Muhammad Zobair and Aqa Saeid.


Dr. Muhammad Nasir Anis
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Soraya Daqiqi and Dr. Said Aminullah


Zia ul Haq Hafezi
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Said Mohammad Baqer Sahbebzada and Haji Said Ahmad Hamdard.


Mohammad Akbar Orya
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: General Abdul-Taher Mirza-khel and Zalmai Faqiri.


Baz Mohammad Kofi
Status: Officially on ballot.
Dropped out: July 29; now supports Karzai’s campaign.
Running Mates: Zarmina Sahar and Said Mohammad Baqer Amiri.


Sangin Mohammad Rahmani
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Rajab Gol and Zia’oddin.


Mahbobu’llah Koshani
Party: The Liberated(s) Party of Afghanistan
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Said Abubakr Mahbobi and Mohammad Sharif Tarakhel


Mohammad Jan Pamir
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Nasru’llah Ziyarmal and Dr. Said Mohammad Yasin Alawi


Abdul-Hasib Aryan
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Abdul-Fattah Ghanikhel and Mirza Mohammad Miya.


Mullah Gholam Mohammad Regi
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Engineer Wali Mohammad Aksir and Baz Mohammad Yaftali.


Maulawi Mohammad Saeid Hashemi
Party: The Islamic and National Revolution Party of Afghanistan
Status: Officially on ballot. [Update] Hashemi dropped out of the race on July 24 citing “personal problems” and vowed support for Karzai’s campaign.
Running Mates: Engineer Mohammad Masoum (also known as Engineer Mahmod
Alhaj Dagar) and  Ganral Mohammad Naeim Ansari


Abdul-Hamid Samim
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Obaidullah and Said Shah Agha.


Alhaj Shah Mahmod Popal
Party: The National Peace Party of Afghanistan
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Mohammad Alim Raheq and Shah Jahan.



Shahla Atta: First female candidate and MP. Shahla Atta, daughter of Gholam Sediq, was born in Kandahar in 1967. She was a physician’s assistant who has worked in Pakistan and the United States. She is a Kabul representative to the Wolesi Jirga (Lower House)
Political Party: Running on Socialist platform, compares he policies to those of the late PM, Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan.
Announced: March 7, 2009
Status: Officially on ballot.



Professor Dr. Gholam Faroq Nejrabi
Party: The Liberation Party of Afghanistan
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Abdul-Wakil and Khaja Gholam Jelani Sediqi


Alhaj Abdul-Ghafor Zore
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Mohammad Taher Aslami and Masoud Mahmod-zada.


Mohammad Hashem Tawfiqi
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Shah Wali Rohani and Gholam Ali Amin.


Alhaj Hasan Ali Sultani
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Mesri Khan Momand and Abdul-Raqib.


Maulana Abdulqader Emami Ghori
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Mohammad Yasin Kateb and Sultan-Ali Mortaza Nekzad.


Dr. Ferozan Fana: Fana is a doctor; 40 years of age.  She is one of only two women candidates in the August 20 Presidential elections.  Fana is the widow of a former aviation and tourism minister, Dr. Abdul Rehman.  Rehman was the first post-Taliban aviation minister thrown out of a plane, stabbed and beaten to death in 2002.  She has stated that a woman could serve as the leader of the male-dominated, conservative Afghan society, while also observing the traditional, Islamic principles. 

Fana has opened many offices in the central, northern and eastern provinces of Afghanistan, including Nangarhar, Kunar, Laghman and Nuristan.  She claims to have spent around US$ 150,000 on printing photos and election posters and paying for provincial tips.

Fana has ruled out the possibility that the election may be rigged and is pleased with the work of the Independent Election Commission.  She has been in contact with members of the Taliban and Hezb-i-Islami and expressed confidence that they would not create any security problems for her and her election campaign.
Announced: 10 May 2009 in Kabul
Status: Officially on ballot.
Running Mates: Nasimullah Zaman and Gholam Jelani Sattari.



Presidential Drop Outs


Dr  Anwar-ul Haq Ahadi.jpg  

Dr. Anwar-ul Haq Ahadi: Former Director General of De Afghanistan Bank (2002-2004) and Finance Minister. He is the current leader of the Social Democratic Party (Afghan Mellat). Ahadi has called President Karzai “his strongest rival in the upcoming presidential elections,” but has vowed he will win the upcoming election. He is 58 years old and holds his BA and Master’s in Economics and Political Science from the American University of Beirut and his Doctorate from Northwestern University in Finance and Administration.
Political Party: Afghan Mellat
Announced: February 3
Dropped out: May 8, 2009.
Webpage: http://www.afghanmellat.org/ahady_page.htm
News: http://www.pajhwok.com/viewstory.asp?lng=eng&id=69675


Dr Mohammad Rasul Nawabi.jpg

Dr. Mohammad Rasul Nawabi: He currently lives in the Netherlands.
Political Party: Independent
Announced: March 14, 2009
Dropped Out: May 8, 2009.



Momin Katawazai
Political Party: Independent
Webpage: http://www.mkatawazai.piczo.com
Dropped Out: May 8, 2009.


Mohammad Daoud Miraki.jpg

Mohammad Daoud Miraki: Mohammed Daud Miraki was born in Kabul, Afghanistan and belongs to the Sulaimankhail tribe of Maidan-Wardak province. He received his Master’s degree in Political Science with a concentration in International Relations; a second Master’s degree is in Middle Eastern Studies with Conflict Resolution as my specialization, and his PhD in Public Policy Analysis with a specialization in Urban Planning and Public Affairs, socioeconomic development, and rural development. Miraki claims to have exposed the US military’s usage of depleted uranium shells in Afghanistan and hopes to strengthen reconciliation efforts with all parties, including the Taliban, if he is elected.
Webpage: http://drmirakiforpresident.com/5501.html


Prince Abdul Ali Seraj.jpg

Prince Abdul Ali Seraj: president of the National Council for Dialogue with Tribes of Afghanistan, great-grandson of Afghanistan's King Abdul Rahman, the  "Iron Amir." He is in his mid-60s. Seraj supports the creation of a tribal army to battle the Taliban and fight against drug traffickers. He is married to an American citizen. He fled Afghanistan in 1978 after the Communist Party issued a death threat against him. He lived in exile in the United States until the Taliban were removed from power in 2001.
Announced: March 6, 2009
Dropped Out: May 8, 2009. 


Ali Jalali.jpg

Ali Ahmad Jalali: former interior minister, 2003 to 2005
Born in 1940, Ali Ahmad Jalali is an ethnic Pashtun who served as a colonel in the Afghan National Army but fought alongside the mujahedeen during the Soviet Afghan War. He left Afghanistan before the war’s conclusion and became a US citizen in 1987. Jalali has worked for Voice of America as a broadcaster for nearly 20 years. In 2003, Jalali returned to Afghanistan and became the Interior Minister, a post he worked until 2005. He went on to become a Distinguished Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies of the National Defense University, which is located in Washington, D.C. He has co-written two books about the Soviet-Afghan war with Lester Grau and has published numerous scholarly articles concerning Afghan security and development issues. Jalali faces legal hurdles for the upcoming elections, as Chapter 3, Article 62 of the Afghan Constitution prohibits candidates who hold dual citizenship. The Independent Election Committee, in charge of the August 20 elections, has warned candidates that foreign citizenship will have to be relinquished to become eligible to run in the elections. Jalali is among three candidates using the social-networking website Facebook as a campaigning tool.
Announced: Campaign office in Kabul opened before March 2009.
Dropped out: Approximately May 8, 2009.
Interview: http://www.theworld.org/node/25737 


Sherzai crop.jpg

Gul Agha Sherzai: Governor of Nangarhar. A Barakzai Pashtun from Kandahar, Gul Agha Sherzai is son of famous mujahedeen commander Hajji Abdul Latif, “the Lion of Kandahar.” Sherzai helped recapture Kandahar City from the Taliban alongside US special forces in 2001 and later became Governor of Kandahar province.  Sherzai was later reappointed as Governor of Nangarhar province in 2004. He has supported various amnesty programs for both drug traffickers and Taliban insurgents. He was one of four Candidates who met with US President Barack Obama in January 2009. He is considered a serious contender for President and has support among some Pashtun communities in southern and eastern Afghanistan.
Announced: March 6, 2009
Dropped Out: May 2, 2009.
News: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/former-warlord-to-fight-karzai-in-afghanistan-polls-1640164.html



(Unconfirmed) Hazrat Ali: MP from Nangarhar.
Hazrat Ali is often mistaken for a Pashtun, when in actuality he is a member of the Pashai minority. He was born in 1964 and later served as an Afghan army commander during the Soviet occupation. He has retained an influential reputation in eastern Nangarhar province where he helped fight the Taliban. In late 2001, he created the Eastern Shura which helped the US-led Coalition battle al Qaeda and Taliban fighters during the siege of Tora Bora. He became the police chief for Jalalabad afterwards and won a seat in the Wolesi Jirga (lower House) in 2005. It is unlikely Hazrat Ali will have much support outside small pockets in Nangarhar.



(Unconfirmed) Dr. Masooda Jalal: Medical Doctor, former female presidential candidate (2004). Dr. Masooda Jalal graduated from the Kabul Medical School in 1987 and four years later she was appointed Director of Women's Rights in the Women's Institute, Children's Department of Kabul Medical School. In 1994 she was appointed to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. Subsequently she was appointed as health advisor in the World Food Organization

Dr. Jalal was the first female candidate to run for president in 2004. She came in sixth by securing more than 80,000 votes (approximately 1% of the total vote). After losing the election Dr. Jalal commented “I have had an impact ...if I do not become president the girls of this country will. I broke a tradition.  I created honour and values for the women of Afghanistan.   They are not nothing any more."From 2004-2006,  Dr. Jalal joined Karzai’s cabinet as the Minister for Women’s Affairs.


eshan bayat.jpg

(unconfirmed) Ehsan Bayat: Member of the Qizilbash minority, Eshan Bayat is one of Afghanistan’s most successful businessmen. He founded the first Afghan
Wireless communication network, Afghan Wireless (AWCC), and is the founder of the Ariana TV network established in 2005. Eshan Bayat is also the founder and Chairman of the Bayat Foundation, the largest private donor company in Afghanistan. The Bayat Foundation has helped sponsor and support humanitarian aid deliveries in Badakshan, Bamyan,  Badghis, Daikondi , Faryab, Farah, Herat, Ghor, Kabul , Kabul,  Kandahar, Parwan, Takhar and Uruzgan. Bayat is estimated to be one of the richest men in Afghanistan.
Bayat Foundationhttp://bayatfoundation.org/ 



(unconfirmed) Mohammad Hanif Atmar: Interior Minister. Mohammad Atmar, a 41-year old Pashtun form Laghman, fought against the mujahideen during the Soviet-Afghan war and worked as for a special operations unit of KHAD (Afghan Communist Secret Police). He participated in the defense of Jalalabad in 1988. During the fierce battle, Atmar sustained serious injuries and had his left leg amputated shortly afterward. He left Afghanistan following the fall of the Communist government and fled to the UK where he received a Bachelors Degree in Rural Development and a Masters Degree in International Relations and Post-war Development from York University. He served as Program Manager for the Norwegian Committee for Afghanistan from 1994-2000. In 2002, he was appointed as Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. He became the Minister of Education in 2006 until October 2008 when he was appointed Minister of Interior. Atmar is reportedly considered a favorable presidential candidate
among certain western political circles although he has yet to officially announce his running. He is fluent in Dari, Pashto, English and Urdu.


    Mustafa Zahir.jpg

Mustafa Zahir: Grandson of former King Muhammad Zahir Shah. Mustapha Zahir was born in 1964 in Kabul and is the grandson of King Zahir Shah. He received his education in Italy, Austria, the UK and Canada. He went on to serve as a diplomatic assistant to his grandfather from 1991-2000 in Rome, Italy. He returned to Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban and became the Afghan Ambassador to Italy from 2002-2005. He was considered to replace Dr. Abdullah as the Foreign Minister as early as 2003, but the shuffle did not materialize until 2006 and Zahir was no longer considered. Mustapha is the co-founder of the Afghan Medical Relief Organization and is a member of the International Committee for the Afghan World Foundation. He joined the United National Front in 2007, a strong political confederation that opposes the current administration led by President Hamid Karzai. It remains unclear if Zahir will run as the United National Front has agreed that former Foreign Minister Dr. Abdullah Abdullah will represent their party in the 2009 elections.
Political Party: United National Front (Jabhe-ye-Motahed-e-Milli)
Dropped Out: May 8, 2009.



Zalmay Mamozy Khalizad: Former US ambassador to Afghanistan 2003-2005. Khalizad is an Afghan-American who has played a large role in American foreign policy over the last twenty years. He acted as a key advisor to the White House during the Soviet-Afghan war and later worked for both Bush administrations. President George H. Bush later appointed Khalizad as Special Presidential Envoy to Afghanistan. In 2003, Khalizad became US ambassador to Afghanistan and took part in drafting the new constitution.
Dropped Out: May 8, 2009.






To contact us about our program:  ccsinfo@nps.edu or if you would like to contact Professor Thomas H. Johnson: thjohnso@nps.edu | Last Updated: 30 July 2009.