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Home >>  Culture & Conflict Studies  >>  Dai Kundi Province

Dai Kundi Province

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Governor Sultan Ali Uruzgani
Governor Sultan Ali Uruzgani
Source: YouTube

Dai Kundi District Map









Provincial Overview (PDF)

Dai Kundi Province is located in central Afghanistan. The province is bordered by Uruzgan in the south, Ghazni and Bamiyan in the east, Ghor in the north and west, and a small southeast portion bordering Helmand. Dai Kundi was part of Uruzgan province until March 2004. The topographyy is distinguished by roughly 90 percent of mountaineous terrain split by The Helmand River.

The population of over 477 thousand are primarily Hazara. With a minority of Pashtun, Baluch, and Sayeed. Major tribal groups include the Bacha Ghulam, Dai Kundi, Sheikh Miran, Dai Zangi, Achekzai, and Alizai. Primary occupations within Dai Kundi are agriculture and day labor. The Governor of Dai Kundi, Sultan Ali Uruzgani was appointed on July 26, 2006. Uruzgani is an ethnic Hazara from Khas Uruzgan and, is a member of Hazara Hezb-e Muttahed-e Melli. Prior to serving as governor, he was a provincial council member for Helmad province.

Dai Kundi Tribal Map Click to view Dai Kundi Tribal map
Click to view Dai Kundi Tribal Map

Human Terrain:

Achekzai : Durrani Pashtuns, they exist primarily in Gizab District. Formerly part of the Barakzai grouping, the Achekzai were separated from the rest of the tribe by Ahmad Shah Durrani for management purposes, and the Achekzai remained one of the most troublesome tribes in the area. Traditionally nomadic, they further divide themselves into two large sub-groupings, the Gujanzais and the Badinzais, and had a reputation for disunity and predation.

Alizai: They form a major branch of the Panjpay Durrani Pashtuns with two main sub-tribes, Jalozai and Hasanzai. Other subtribes include the Shekzai, the Guerazai, the Adozai, the Pirzai, the Alekzai, and the Habizai. Clashes between the Jalozai and Hasanzai have been a major source of tension in northern Helmand province. Present Helmand Governor Sher Mohammad Akhundzada is Jalozai. They live primarily in Kijran and Mir Amur districts.

Bacha Ghulam: In Sang-e Takht district. The name seems to mean “boy of the manor.”[1] They are a subtribe of the Dai Zangi, and they include the divisions Bubak, Gaoshak, Ghulam Ali, Ismail, Kaum-i-Barfi, Kaum-i-Mizra, Kaum-i-Yari, Neka, Shah Masid, and Waras.

Dai Kundi: Found primarily in Kajran, Kiti, Nili, Khadir, Ashtarlay, Gizab, Mir Amur, and Shahrestan districts, the Dai Kundi have traditionally been very closely allied with the Dai Zangi. Subsets of the Dai Kundi include the Ainak, Alak, Babuli, Baibagh, Barat, Bubak, Chahkuk, Chahush, Chora, Daulat Beg, Doda, Fihristan, Haider Beg, Jami, Jasha, Kalanzai, Kaum-i-Ali, Khudi, Khushak, Mamaka, Mir Hazar, Neka, Roshan Beg, and Saru.

Dai Zangi: Inhabiting Sang-e Takht, Shahrestan, and Mir Amur, the Dai Zangi have traditionally had a fraternal relationship with the Dai Kundi. Their subtribes include the Bubali, Gedi, Kamyaba, Kut-daghi, Khushamadi, Kirigu, Miramur, Qaraqul Daghi, Sag Deh, Sag Jui, Sag-Pae, Sehpai, Takana, Takash, Urarus, and Yangur.

Hazaras: Forming the majority in Day Kundi District, the Hazara, a distinct ethnic and religious group within the population of Afghanistan, have often been the target of discriminatory and violent repression. Most likely descended from the Mongols of Genghis Khan, the Hazara are noticeably different in physical appearance when compared to the Pashtun majority. In terms of religion, the vast majority of the Hazara are of the Shia Muslim faith, again in contrast to the Pashtuns who are Sunni Muslim. Due to these differences, “the Hazara have experienced discrimination at the hands of the Pashtun-dominated government throughout the history of modern Afghanistan.”[2] As the traditional underclass of Afghan society, Hazara were exploited and made to work as servants and laborers. As a result there tends to be an anti-government and anti-Pashtun bias among the Hazara. In present day Afghanistan, the Hazara are divided geographically into two main groups: the Hazarajat Hazara and those who live outside the Hazarajat. The Hazarajat is located in the Hindu Kush Mountains in central Afghanistan and is “centered around Bamiyan province and include[s] areas of Ghowr, Uruzgan, Wardak, and Ghazni province.”[3] The Hazara living outside of the Hazarajat live in and around Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif and Samangan province. Due to atrocities committed against them by the Taliban, the Hazara by and large are opposed to the Taliban. In August 1998, the Taliban massacred approximately 4,000 Hazara in Mazara-e-Sharif; this massacre was followed by another the next month when the Taliban killed another 500 Hazara in Bamiyan. The Hezb-e Wahdat (Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan) is an umbrella political organization which commands the support of large numbers of Hazara. The Hazara are also often at odds with the Kuchi population within the Hazarajat.

1. Adamec, Ludwig W. Kandahar and South-Central Afghanistan: Historical and Political Gazetteer of Afghanistan. Vol. 5. Akademische Druck u. Verlagsanstalt Graz, Austria. 1980.
2 US State Department Afghanistan, Culture & Ethnic Studies, 2004.
3. US State Department Afghanistan, Culture & Ethnic Studies, 2004.

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