National Security Affairs
Central Asia; Turkey; Civil society; Politics of education; Caspian Sea security
Assistant Professor Victoria Clement earned her Ph.D. in 2005 from The Ohio State University where she also earned a Master of Arts degree in Near Eastern Languages and Literatures, focusing on Turkish, as well as an M.A. in Russian History. She also studied at the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute in fall of 1991 and at Turkmenistan’s Azadi National World Language Institute in fall 2001.
Dr. Clement’s research explores the intersection of political and social power in modern Central Asia. She is currently working on a book manuscript entitled Learning to Be Turkmen: Literacy, Learning and Power, 1904-2006, which examines social power in the historical context of shifting politics during which Turkmen gained and lost symbolic, political, economic, and social power through the transformation, acquisition or loss of cultural knowledge. Dr. Clement’s research has been published in the International Journal of the Sociology of Language, the edited volumes Daily Life in Central Asia (2007) and Muslim World in Transition (2007) as well as several encyclopedias, and two Central Asian publications: Türkmen Dili (2003) and Owadan (1997). She has lived in Turkmenistan, Russia and Turkey and works with primary sources in Turkmen, Turkish, and Russian languages.
In addition to her work on Central Asian history, Dr. Clement remains active in analysis of contemporary Central Asia and Turkey. She has worked as a consultant for the U.S. Department of State and USAID, as well as Oxford Analytica and the Home Office in England. In 2004, Dr. Clement was commissioned by the National Bureau of Asian Research to write the report “Secular and Religious Trends in Turkmen Education.”
Currently, with the U.S. Partnership for Peace Training and Education Center, housed at NPS, Dr. Clement is working with the Partnership for Peace Training Centre (KAZCENT) of Kazakhstan’s Army Defense Institute in Almaty, to enhance KAZCENT’s international course “Familiarization with Central Asia.”
In Spring 2012 Dr. Clement will be the Embassy Policy Specialist at the U.S. Embassy in Aşgabat, Türkmenistan. This program is designed to provide expertise to the region and bring open source, policy-relevant research to the service of the U.S. Government.
In Fall 2012 Dr. Clement will partner with Dr. Ryan Gingeras to manage a track II diplomatic exchange on Turkish-American security issues involving several academics and civilian policy makers. This project is in its first year.
- “Faith-based schools in post-Soviet Türkmenistan,” European Education, Spring 2011, Vol. 43, Issue 1, p. 76-92.
- “Grassroots Educational Initiatives in Türkmenistan,” in Globalization on the Margins: Education and Post-socialist Transformations in Central Asia, Iveta Silova ed. (Charlotte: Information Age Publishing, 2010).
- “Emblems of Independence: Script choice in post-Soviet Turkmenistan,” International Journal of the Sociology of Language, Vol. 192, July 2008, pp. 171-85.
- “Türkmenistan’s New Challenges: Can Stability Co-Exist with Reform? A Study of Gülen Schools in Central Asia,” Muslim World in Transition: Contributions of the Gülen Movement (London: Leeds Metropolitan University Press, 2007), pp. 572-283.
- “Changes in Turkmen Alphabets, 1904-2004” in Daily Life in Central Asia, Jeff Sahadeo and Russell Zanca, eds. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, June 2007).