The Information Operations Center for Research is supported by:
- Hy Rothstein, Executive Director, IO Center for Research
- Edward L. Fisher, Lt Col, USAF (Ret), Deputy Director, IO Center for Research
- Sherry Pennell, Research Assistant, IO Center for Research
- Jennifer Duncan, Program Manager
- Mary Marvel, Administrative Assistant, IO Center for Research
- Affiliated: John Arquilla, Chair, Department of Defense Analysis
Hy Rothstein is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Defense Analysis, and a member of the Center on Terrorism and Irregular Warfare, at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has a Ph.D. in International Relations from the Fletcher School, Tufts University. His research has focused on unconventional warfare, counterinsurgency, psychological warfare and military deception. He is the author of Afghanistan and the Troubled Future of Unconventional Warfare (2006).
Lt Col (Ret) Ed Fisher is a Lecturer of Information Sciences at the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) in Monterey, California. He teaches courses in Information Operations, Electronic Warfare, Identity Management, and Systems Engineering. In addition, Mr. Fisher is the Deputy Director of the Information Operations Center for Excellence.
Mr. Fisher was born on 26 March 1960 in Nome, Alaska. He received a regular commission as a Second Lieutenant in the US Air Force upon his graduation from the United States Air Force Academy in June 1983 (B.S History-Area Studies, Western Europe). Mr. Fisher served the early part of his career as an F-4G “Wild Weasel” Electronic Warfare Officer (EWO), later transitioning to the Predator UAV, F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter, higher headquarters staff, and Security Assistance.
Mr. Fisher served three operational tours as a Wild Weasel EWO, first at the 563rd Tactical Fighter Squadron at George AFB, CA, moving to the 90th Tactical Fighter Squadron at Clark Airbase, Republic of the Philippines, and finally with the 561st Fighter Squadron at Nellis AFB, NV. While in the Philippines the then Capt Fisher deployed to Bahrain and flew combat missions during Operation DESERT STORM. Upon the USAF retirement of the F-4 aircraft, Major Fisher served as the first Assistant Deputy Commander for Operations (ADO) of the first operational USAF Predator UAV squadron, and is thus a “Plankholder” in the unit and qualified in the Predator UAV. Following this assignment, Major Fisher served as a EWO and mission planner for the F-117, deploying to Europe for Operation ALLIED FORCE and flying combat missions as part of E-3B/C support to F-117 combat missions. Upon selection for promotion to Lieutenant Colonel, he was sent to the J-39 Information Operations (IO) Division of Headquarters, US Pacific Command (HQ USPACOM), where he served as the Chief of IO Doctrine and Training, and then the Chief of IO Plans. For his final military assignment, Lt Col Fisher served at the Office of Defense Cooperation, US Embassy, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. There he headed the Foreign Military Sales program, and was involved in the Maritime Domain Protection program and the start-up of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (similar missions and responsibilities as the US Coast Guard).
Mr. Fisher retired from the US Air Force in 2005 as a Lt. Colonel and joined the faculty at the Naval Postgraduate School as a US Navy civilian.
Mr. Fisher received a Master of Arts in National Security Studies from the University of California, San Bernardino in 1989, and is a member of the Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society. He also maintains membership in the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association and the Association of Old Crows.
Mr. Fisher maintains qualification as a Commercial, Multi-Engine, Instrument-rated pilot.
John Arquilla earned his degrees in international relations from Rosary College (BA 1975) and Stanford University (MA 1989, PhD 1991). He is professor of defense analysis at the Naval Postgraduate School, where he has taught in the special operations curriculum since 1993. He also serves as director of the Information Operations Center. His teaching interests revolve around the history of irregular warfare, terrorism, and the implications of the information age for society and security.
His books include: Dubious Battles: Aggression Defeat and the International System (1992); From Troy to Entebbe: Special Operations in Ancient & Modern Times (1996), which was a featured alternate of the Military Book Club; In Athena’s Camp (1997); Networks and Netwars: The Future of Terror, Crime and Militancy (2001), named a notable book of the year by the American Library Association; The Reagan Imprint: Ideas in American Foreign Policy from the Collapse of Communism to the War on Terror (2006), and his latest study, Worst Enemy: The Reluctant Transformation of the American Military (2008), which is about military reform.
Dr. Arquilla is also the author of more than one hundred articles on a wide range of topics in military and security affairs, with his work appearing in both the leading academic journals and in more general publications like The Atlantic Monthly, Wired and The New Republic. He is best known for his concept of “netwar” (i.e., the distinct manner in which those organized into networks fight), a notion developed with his colleague David Ronfeldt, and which former defense secretary Donald Rumsfeld used on several occasions to describe the nature of the conflict in Iraq. In another area of their joint work, the Arquilla/Ronfeldt vision of “swarm tactics” was selected by The New York Times as one of the “big ideas” of 2001.
In terms of policy experience, Dr. Arquilla worked as a consultant to General Norman Schwarzkopf during Operation Desert Storm, as part of a small team of RAND analysts. During the Kosovo War, he assisted deputy secretary of defense John Hamre on a range of issues in international information strategy. Since the onset of the war on terror, Dr. Arquilla’s policy contributions have included a brief period of service on the Information Operations Task Force, followed by more extended involvements with special operations forces and other units, on practical, information-related “field problems.”