Home Page
bulete Research and Projects
bulete Who We Are
bulete Publications
bulete Contact
NPS Student at Laptop
IO Center
Home >>  Information Operations Center >>  Publications


A Naval Postgraduate School professor and former career Special Forces officer looks at why the U.S. military cannot conduct unconventional warfare despite a significant effort to create and maintain such a capability. In his examination of Operation Enduring Freedom, Hy Rothstein maintains that although the operation in Afghanistan appeared to have been a masterpiece of military creativity, the United States executed its impressive display of power in a totally conventional manner--despite repeated public statements by Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld that terrorists must be fought with unconventional capabilities. Arguing that the initial phase of the war was appropriately conventional given the conventional disposition of the enemy, the author suggests that once the Taliban fell the war became increasingly unconventional, yet the U.S. response became more conventional.

This book presents an authoritative overview of the current American way of war and addresses the specific causes of the “conventionalization” of U.S. Special Forces, using the war in Afghanistan as a case study. Drawing a distinction between special operations and unconventional warfare (the use of Special Forces does not automatically make the fighting unconventional), Rothstein questions the ability of U.S. forces to effectively defeat irregular threats and suggests ways to regain lost unconventional warfare capacity.

Stratagem: Deception and Surprise in War
Barton Whaley
Copyright 2007

Out-of-print and out of the hands of military professionals for years, Artech House answers the demand and brings you the 2007 reprint of the sought-after, classic work, Stratagem: Deception and Surprise in War. This timeless and widely cited volume offers you a model and template of how to study and analyze deception operations. You get an historical analysis of deception and surprise, over 100 real-world case studies, and a set of methods that underlie and pervade the entire book.

This unique resource takes a broad and deep look at surprise operations, presenting intriguing questions and hypotheses about the possible causes of surprise, including deception. Thoroughly referenced and supported with clear data tables, the case studies concentrate on the goals, planning, expectations, security, leaks, warnings, intelligence assessments, and final results.

THE LONG WAR—Insurgency, Counter- Insurgency and Collapsing States
Douglas A Borer, Naval Postgraduate School
Mark T Berger, University of New South Wales, Australia

While the Cold War was characterized by the expansion and consolidation of nation-states against the backdrop of USA-Soviet superpower rivalry and the emergence of the Three Worlds of development, one of the key characteristics of the post-Cold War era, in which the USA has emerged to unrivalled global hegemony, is the growing number of collapsing or collapsed states mired in conflict or civil war. The USA has compounded state failure in polities such as Iraq as a result of its use of military force
to overthrow regimes in the context of the Global War on Terror (GWOT) or what is also increasingly referred to as the ‘Long War’. The Long War is often represented as a ‘new’ era in warfare and U.S. geopolitics. However, the assumption here is that the Long War is new in important respects, but it also bears many similarities to the Cold War. A key similarity between the Cold War and the Long War is the way in which insurgency and counterinsurgency are seen primarily in the context of inter-state rivalry in which the critical local or regional dynamics of revolution and counterrevolution are neglected. In this context American policy-makers and their allies have again erroneously applied a ‘grand strategy’ that suits the imperatives of conventional military and geo- political thinking rather than
engaging with what are a much more variegated array of problems facing the changing global order.

NPS Reports

Cyberterror: Prospects and Implications
Oct 2000
Authors: Capt. Doug Craddock, Major Jess Palmer
Project Supervisors: John Arquilla, David Tucker

The Submarine in the Andes: Rise of a Non-State Navy?
June 2001
Author: Tyler K. Moore

Winning the Psywar in Colombia
June 2001
Author: Tyler K. Moore