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Key Player in Maersk Alabama Hostage Rescue Addresses NPS Students During Guest Lecture

Article By: Kenneth A. Stewart

Renowned Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) alumnus and former USS Bainbridge (DDG-96) commander, U.S. Navy Capt. Frank Castellano, recently addressed students and faculty at NPS’ King Auditorium, Oct. 16.

The Bainbridge first caught the public’s attention after it led the dramatic rescue operation that freed Maersk Alabama Captain Richard Phillips from Somali pirates in 2009. Ironically, the Bainbridge is named for Commodore William Bainbridge who fought pirates off the coast of Africa during the Barbary Wars.

Castellano shared the history of U.S efforts to combat North African piracy and offered an insiders perspective into the Phillips rescue, which he referred to as his, “sea story.”

Naval Postgraduate School alumnus and former USS Bainbridge (DDG-96) commanding officer, Navy Capt. Frank Castellano, addresses university students, faculty and staff during a Secretary of the Navy Guest Lecture, Oct. 16 in King Auditorium. The Bainbridge caught the public’s attention after it led the dramatic rescue operation that freed Maersk Alabama Capt. Richard Phillips from Somali pirates in 2009. 

“This is a ‘sea story,’ my sea story,” said Castellano in beginning his recount of the dramatic events. “There are many perspectives about what happened that day, this is mine.

“My story is about teamwork … It’s a human story about ordinary people doing extraordinary things,” continued Castellano.

The rescue of Phillips took place over several days off the Somali coast. It involved Sailors, special operations forces and an alphabet soup list of what Castellano referred to as, “three-named agencies.”

On April 8, 2009, Castellano was ordered to investigate a distress call several hundred miles off the coast of Somalia. His staff immediately began operations planning as intelligence came in and the Bainbridge closed in on the distressed vessel.

The Bainbridge arrived after a standoff between Maersk Alabama crewmembers and Somali pirates. Maersk Alabama crewmen were able to repel the pirates, but the pirates managed to take Maersk Alabama captain Richard Phillips hostage and escape in one of the cargo ship’s lifeboats.

The lifeboat was a far cry from the dinghies popularized in movies like “Titanic.” It was a covered fiberglass vessel with enough fuel, food and supplies for nine days. Rescuers had originally hoped that the vessel would simply run out of fuel, but it proved to be far more resilient than previously assumed.

“That lifeboat was the bane of my existence. It just kept going, I should buy stock in that company,” said Castellano to laughter and applause from the audience.

Castellano notes that in the days that led to Phillips’ rescue, he slept no more than four hours. He oversaw the establishment of a water-landing zone, coordinated rescue efforts and personally negotiated with the pirates to ensure Phillips’ release.

Still, Castellano insists that the rescue was a, “total team effort.”

FBI hostage negotiators, snipers, and USS Bainbridge Sailors worked together with Castellano to ensure Phillips’ rescue. The lifeboat was repeatedly, “waked” [deliberately hit with the wake of the Bainbridge] to prevent it from getting too close to the Somali shore. And the Bainbridge was used to conceal a water landing zone for special operations teams who parachuted in under the cover of darkness. Snipers were able to target the pirates from the Bainbridge’s fantail, killing three and ending Phillips’ ordeal.

Castellano credits his NPS education with his ability to make the tough decisions and to endure the sleepless, high-stress environment that culminated in Phillips’ rescue.

“Intuitive decision making under stress was part of my thesis research at NPS … The innovative thought and critical thinking skills that I gained at NPS helped me to approach the problem in a non-traditional manner,” said Castellano.

The events described by Castellano are the subject of Phillips’ book, “A Captain’s Duty: Somali Pirates, Navy Seals and Dangerous Days.” The Phillips rescue is also the subject of a major Hollywood production starring Tom Hanks slated for release in March 2013.

Posted October 23, 2012

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